Blog

On a Gray Foggy Day

Yes! The best time to shoot! Really! No kidding! lol

I’m a big fan of overcast days, especially when it comes to people photography. No high-noon eye-sockets. Just set the color temperature and go. Photogenic and willing friends make great models, as you can see in this family gallery¬†and pic below.

Five family members pose on a beach, their boat in the background on a overcast, humid day.
Even Light on a Gray Foggy Day

If the web were a place where bandwidth was freely unlimited, then I’d put up a very large print of the pic above and you could see what I see on my desktop photo editor – beautiful, well lit eyes! But – as is – you can see how even the light is (click to view a larger image or view the full gallery). I added contrast to give extra punch to the image. However, the point is this: bright, scattered light does a really neat trick with photographic subjects and it’s called even-illumination!

The next time you look outside and it’s a decent overcast day, get out and take some great pictures – you’re going to love the results ūüėÄ

Wayne

Plane Focus

One important correction to keep in mind when trying to capture a flat surface is the Plane-of-Focus on the subject, relevant to your camera sensor. The image below is an important example of that and I discuss it in more detail below. This technique will greatly improved your documentary-style photo skills!

A photograph of the rudder, propeller and partial stern of a motorboat used in the Newfoundland fishery during the 1900s.
The rudder, propeller and partial stern of a motorboat used in the fishery in Newfoundland (photo taken at the Grand Bank Seaman’s Museum).
Use this to visualize the concept here: The dashed lines are all equal length.

When you shoot onto a flat surface and you want to capture the surface Рand other detail that projects in front of and behind that surface Рyou first have to get parallel to that surface Рthat is, your camera sensor or film plane, not you. You can have the camera mounted on a tripod and be standing a considerable distance away and trip the shutter remotely. The key here is to think planes that are parallel to each other.  Those two planes are the subject and camera sensor. Aligning them is a touch tricky and takes practice.

A screen capture of Camera Settings from Adobe Bridge
Camera Settings as read from Adobe Bridge

The above and below screen grabs offer more than enough information for you to decipher the challenges of getting a decently sharp photograph: wide open aperture, slow shutter speed and a ISO setting that’s as high as I want to go. Above, you can see¬†the key data: f-stop, shutter speed and ISO, as well as the specs to which I saved the image after processing the raw file. Shown below is information about the camera and lens, if you’d like to know what I shot with.

…camera and lens information

For the shot – and because I was in a museum – there were a couple of factors restricting the ability to get an easy capture: lower lighting, no tripod, limited space to name a few. I was practically sitting on the floor and using my eye to focus across the flat surface of the rudder. If you tilt the top of your camera in towards the rudder, the bottom of the camera, naturally, pulls away, and one section of the rudder goes out of focus, as does other elements of the image. And, vice versa. The same applies to the left and right side of the camera.

I didn’t worry too much about the lateral roll (left and right, around the axis of the lens), and if you inspect the image carefully you can tell from the out-of-focus background that I am rolled well to the right! However, the propeller is sharp – it extends well out towards me – as does the planking on the boat (you can see the loss of depth-of-field on the plank lines near the top of the image). I have some crop room if I don’t like the blurred lines of the planks, but I wanted to get the rudder,¬†propeller, and attaching surfaces for the rudder in focus. Therefore, the reference focal point for the image is the plane of the rudder. All of it.

Low light impacted the sharpness of the image due to using a slow shutter speed. I added a bunch of sharpening and grain and tints and vignette, to name just a few of the after effects applied in Photoshop. I can see knocking out the background of this image and having a bit of fun in Photoshop or Affinity Photo, for sure.

The Power of RAW

Many people do not understand the power of a RAW file. If you’ve set your camera to shoot .jpeg (or .jpg) files only AND you like to post-process the captured images in your favorite editing program – like Photoshop, Affinity Photo, or The GIMP – then you’ll miss out on the ability to perform fantastic photo adjustments.

A photograph of a birch tree against the landscape and orange glow of sky just after sundown.
A raw file was used to create this jpg image of a birch tree after sunset. Without a raw file, this image could not be possible to make from another jpg.

That’s because the RAW and .jpg file formats have different bit-depths: the number of color tones assigned to each pixel that makes up the image. The JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group, sometimes just .jpg) file format is great for photography, but images made with the RAW format are AWESOME! Continue reading